Another important measure of Land Reforms has been to consolidate fragmented and dispersed holdings of the cultivators at one place so as to enable them to operate their inputs at the optimum level. In a hilly terrain like that of Himachal Pradesh, the problems of viable cultivation get further compounded by twin problems of (i) tiny holdings and (ii) wide dispersal of holdings. Since consolidation of holdings is an important step in the direction of stepping up agricultural production, the consolidation operations were, therefore, first taken in hand in 1954 on an experimental basis in the Pradesh under the provisions of the Himachal Pradesh Consolidation of Holdings Act, 1953.
The Government's policy initially was that only areas up to an altitude of 2500 feet were to be taken in hand for consolidation of holdings, and these operations were to commence with the prior approval of the majority of cultivators in a Revenue estate. The majority was fixed at 75 percent in 1968, but was subsequently reduced to 51 per cent in 1972. Whereas in the old areas the consolidation operations were to be carried out in terms of Himachal Pradesh consolidation of Holdings Act, 1953, the similar operations in the newly merged areas were covered under the East Punjab Holdings (consolidation and prevention of Fragmentation) Act, 1953.
A unified law was enforced throughout the Pradesh in the from of Himachal Pradesh Holdings (Consolidation and Prevention of Fragmentation) Act, 1971. The presently policy is to take up consolidation in all feasible areas irrespective of height, and there is no provision for obtaining the prior consent of the village right-holders.
The consolidation work initially started in November, 1954 in Kunihar Block of tehsil Arki, District Solan, Paonta Sahib Tehsil of Sirmour District and Balh area of Mandi district on trial basis. In order to implement the work in a legal way an Act namely Himachal Pradesh Consolidation Act, 1953 was passed and the H.P. Land Consolidation Rules, 1954 were merged in H.P. in 1966 and the consolidation work was carried out in these areas as per the provisions of Punjab Consideration Act till 5th November, 1971. In this way two different Acts remained in vogue from ist January, 1966 to 5th November, 1971. In this way two different Acts remained in vogue from Ist January,1966 to 5th November , 1971 to implement the consolidation scheme in this Pradesh. After 5th November, 1971 Himachal Pradesh Holdings (Consolidation and Prevention of Fragmentation) Act 1971 was formulated and H.P. Holdings (Consolidation and prevention of Fragmentation) Rules, 1971 were framed there under. The purpose of this scheme was to consolidate the fragmented pieces of Land of farmers for better utilization to the convenience of the farmers.
According to the initial survey 49,00,000 lacs acres land was taken up for consolidation work, out of which area measuring 23,15,794 lacs acres has been consolidated up to 31.3.2006 and work consolidation is still to be carried out in 25,84,206 acre land in the State.
District wise detail of the consolidation work is as under:-